States Profile

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1.General Information

Turkey is a transcontinental country located in Southeastern Europe and Southwestern Asia bordering the Black Sea.

Modern Turkey was founded in by national hero Mustafa KEMAL, who was later honored with the title Ataturk or “Father of the Turks.”

Geographically, the Republic of Turkey is a bridge between Europe and Asia. Due to its location, surrounded by sea on three sides, Turkey has always been the center of great trade, silk and spice routes. Today, even in the most inaccessible or isolated corners, one can easily feel and see the traces of different cultures.

The government system is a republican parliamentary democracy; the chief of state is the president. Turkey officially switched to an executive presidency after President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan took the oath of office on July 9, 2018.

2.Geography

Location
Southeastern Europe and Southwestern Asia (that portion of Turkey west of the Bosporus is geographically part of Europe), bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Georgia, and bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Greece and Syria.

Istanbul is the only city in the world to straddle two continents.

Climate
Temperate;

Hot, dry summers with mild,
Wet winters;
Harsher in interior

Natural Resources
Coal, iron ore, copper, chromium, antimony, mercury, gold, barite, borate, celestite (strontium), emery, feldspar, limestone, magnesite, marble, perlite, pumice, pyrites (sulfur), clay, arable land, hydropower

 

3.People & Society

Population
81,257,239                (July 2018 est.)

Nationality
Turkish

Languages
Official: Turkish (official)

Minority Languages: KurmanjiArabicZazakiPomak BulgarianBalkan Gagauz TurkishLaz

Main Immigrant Languages:AdygheAlbanianArabicBosnianCrimean Tatar,[a] GeorgianKabardian

Religion
Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni)
Other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews)

Life Expectancy
Total population: 75.3 years (2018 est.)
Male: 72.9 years (2018 est.)
Female: 77.7 years (2018 est.)

Gdp-$851.5 billion (2017 est.)

GDP growth-7.4% (2017 est.)

CPI GOWTH -11.14 % (2017 est.)

5.Economy
Agriculture
Tobacco
Cotton
Grain
Olives
Sugar
Beets
Hazelnuts
Pulses
Citrus
Livestock
Industries
Textiles
Food processing
Automobiles
Electronics
Mining (coal,chromate, copper, boron)
Steel
Petroleum
Sonstruction
Lumber
Paper
 

6.Top Universities

State Universities:

Boğaziçi Üniversitesi

Middle East Technical University

Hacettepe University

 

7.Some Important Figures

Prof. Dr. Fuat Sezgin

Area 
Total: 783,562 sq km
Land: 769,632 sq km
Water: 13,930 sq km

Land Boundaries
Total: 2,816 km

Border Countries (8)

-Armenia 311 km

-Azerbaijan 17 km

-Bulgaria 223 km

-Georgia 273 km

-Greece 192 km

-Iran 534 km

-Iraq 367 km

-Syria 899 km

4.Government

Country Name
C
onventional long form: Republic of Turkey

Conventional short form: Turkey
Etymology: the name means “Land of the Turks”

Government Type
Parliamentary republic

Capital
Ankara

Independence
29 October 1923

Leader
PRESIDENT:

Recep Tayyip ERDOGAN (10 August 2014)

 

Private Universities: 

Bilkent University

Koç University

Sabancı University

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